9 October Events
Published : 09 Oct 2018, 11:05
October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.
768 – Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned kings of the Franks.
1238 – James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
1264 – The Kingdom of Castile conquers the city of Jerez, which had been under Muslim occupation since 711.
1410 – The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
1446 – The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.
1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1594 – The army of the Portuguese Empire is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
1604 – Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
1635 – Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after religious and policy disagreements.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
1740 – Dutch colonists and others begin massacring Chinese in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000 and leading to war.
1760 – Seven Years' War: Russian forces occupy Berlin.
1790 – A severe earthquake in northern Algeria causes severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea and kills three thousand.
1799 – HMS Lutine sinks with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
1804 – Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
1806 – Prussia begins the War of the Fourth Coalition against France.
1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
1820 – Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
1824 – Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
1825 – Restauration arrives in New York Harbor from Norway, the first organized immigration from Norway to the United States.
1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece is assassinated.
1834 – Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.
1847 – Slavery is abolished in Saint Barthélemy and all remaining slaves are freed.
1854 – Crimean War: The siege of Sebastopol begins.
1861 – American Civil War:Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
1864 – American Civil War: Union cavalrymen defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
1873 – A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
1874 – General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Bern.
1900 – The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.
1907 – Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
1911 – An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire
1913 – The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
1914 – World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
1918 – The Finnish Parliament offers to Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse the throne of a short-lived Kingdom of Finland.
1919 – Black Sox Scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series.
1934 – Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
1936 – Boulder Dam (later Hoover Dam) begins to generate electricity and transmit it to Los Angeles.
1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain: During a night-time air raid by the Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral is hit by a bomb.
1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
1942 – Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy.
1942 – On Guadalcanal, US Marines withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of a Japanese regiment.
1950 – Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started.
1962 – Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
1966 – Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre
1967 – A day after his capture, Ernesto "Che" Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
1969 – In Chicago, the National Guard is called in as demonstrations continue in over the trial of the "Chicago Eight".
1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
1980 – Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.
1981 – Abolition of capital punishment in France.
1983 – South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan survives an assassination attempt in Rangoon, Burma, but the blast kills 21 and injures 17 others.
1986 – The Phantom of the Opera, which became the second longest running musical in London, opens at Her Majesty's Theatre.
1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
2003 – Mission: Space opens to the public in the Epcot park at Walt Disney World.
2006 – North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.
2009 – First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
2012 – Members of the Pakistani Taliban make a failed attempt to assassinate an outspoken schoolgirl, Malala Yousafzai.
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